ToCS

Test of Child Speechreading

What is it?

This is a test of silent speechreading for children.

What is involved?

This is a 20 minute test. Respondents watch video clips of silent speech produced by a male or female speaker, and select the matching picture from an array. All video clips were recorded using natural speech but are played without sound.

There are 3 subtests that measure speechreading ability at three levels: words, sentences and short stories. For younger children, it is advised that an adult controls the play button to start the video clips. Older children may complete computer testing on their own.

Who is it suitable for?

  • Deaf children in the UK
  • Hearing children in the UK
  • It can be used with children from 5 years old

What normative data is available?

  • Deaf children aged 5 - 14 years
  • Hearing children aged 5 - 14 years

Who should use this test?

  • Practitioners e.g. Speech and language therapists, educators, psychologists, audiologists and cochlear implant teams
  • Researchers
  • Lecturers for demonstration purposes
  • Deaf Awareness Trainers - may be used to demonstrate the difficulty of speechreading

Test citation

Kyle, F.E., Campbell, R., Mohammed, T., Coleman, M., & MacSweeney, M. (2013). Speechreading development in deaf and hearing children: introducing the Test of Child Speechreading. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 56 (2), 416-426. doi: 10.1044/1092-4388(2012/12-0039).

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Research using this test

Kyle, F. E., Campbell, R., & MacSweeney, M. (2016). The relative contributions of speechreading and vocabulary to deaf and hearing children's reading ability. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 48, 13-24. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2015.10.004.

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All instructions are given within the test. Responses can be entered either by the child or the practitioner by selecting the correct picture from an array.

insert scoresheet here

Format

Data is generated in CSV format for easy import into your preferred data management software.

Task data

A separate CSV file is generated for each participant. Each contains the raw data including the order in which the items were presented, the correct answer for each item, the answer chosen by the participant, the accuracy score (1 or 0) for each item.

Accuracy data

One mark is awarded for each correct answer. The overall maximum score for the core TOCS subtests is 40. This consists of a maximum score of 15 for each of the Word and Sentences subtests and 10 for the Short Stories subtest. Separate scores are also provided for the Long Stories subtest (out of 15) and the Everyday Objects Closed Set (out of 23).


Scores are not automatically provided for the Everyday Objects Open Set (out of 12) and the Everyday Questions Open Set (out of 17). These must be entered by the practitioner/ researcher and requires download of the scoresheet.



For questions related to this test, please contact the task owner, Fiona Kyle.